Lease – Nicholas Halhead to Henry Richmond – 3 May 1763

Document Type: Lease
Date: 3 May 1763
Correspondent: Nicholas Halhead
Recipient: Henry Richmond
Archive Source: DUL CCB B 182 121
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To all people to whom these presents shall come Sir Walter Blackett of Wallington in the County of Northumberland Bart. sendeth Greeting Whereby Indenture of Lease [inserted text: duly executed] bearing date the 9th day of September last past and made or mentioned to be made between the Right Revd. Father in God Richd. by the Grace of God Lord Bishop of Durham of the one part and the said Sir Walter Blackett of the other part the said Revd. Father for divers good causes and considerations Did demise grant and to farm lett unto the said Sir Walter Blackett his Exrs. Admrs. & Assigns All those Lead Mines Lead and Lead Ore gotten and to be gotten lying being and remaining and which could be had sought wrought obtained or won for the <....> under all these several Parks of Stanhope & Wolsingham & either of them in the County of Durham & within forth and under all and every the Lands closes and inclosed Grounds & other singular the Copyholders Leases Tenants for years and customary Tenants of the said Reverend Father in Weardale and every of them in the said County of Durham And also free Liberty to earth dig or break up Ground & to make smelt get & work Lead & Lead Ore within all & every the said Parks and premises & every or any part or parcel thereof together with sufficient heap Room & ground room for laying and placing of all such Lead & Lead Ore sand gravel Slates Stones metal & all other Rubbish as shall proceed and come forth of the said Leadmines & Lead Works And also convenient & sufficient wayleave of Ingress and Regress through the sd. parks & premises with Carts and Wains Waggons Barrows Horses Cattle or otherwise whatsoever for the leading carrying & conveying of the said Lead & Lead Ore from the said Mines & Works to any place or places whatsoever And also for the leading carrying and conveying of all such things Implements & Work Gear wood stone and other necessaries that shod. be used & employed in and about the working of the said Leadmines winning & getting of Lead and Lead Ore within the said parks and premises as aforesaid to and from the said Mines & Works any manner of way howsoever together also with free Liberty to digg sink work & make Trench or Trenches Dammes or Damme Watergates & Watercourses and to do and perform whatsoever else shall be needfull fitting and convenient to be done made and wrought as well for the getting obtaining & winning of Lead Ore and for the washing thereof as also for the avoiding & conveying away water & <Styth> Together with free Liberty to digg winn & get Stones Slabs Sand Gravel Clay & Lime within the said parks and premises or any part or parcel thereof for the building of the Mills Houses & Furnaces and for all necessary uses in and about the said Works And also to erect and place build & set up Wind Mills Water Mills & Engines for the smelting of all such Lead and Lead Ore as shall [be] wrought had & gotten forth of the said parks and premises and to make <have> convey and direct water & watercourses unto the said Mills & Engines for making them to go & work the same and to do execute & perform whatsoever also shod. be needful necessary fitting or convenient to be made done or wrought for the winning getting washing & smelting of the said Lead & Lead Ore any manner of way whatsoever To hold the said Leadmines Lead & Lead Ore Liberty & privileges and all <singular> other the said premises [inserted text: hereby demised & granted] unto the said Sir Walter Blackett his Exrs. Admrs. & Assigns from the making thereof for a Term of 21 years from thenceforth next and immediately following at and under such <Rent> Covenants provisos and agreements as are herein mentioned as in & by the said Ind[entu]re of Lease <relation> being thereunto had may more fully appear 

And whereas it is intended and Agreed that the said recited Ind[entu]re of Lease so made by the said Revd. Father to the said Sir Walter Blackett shall be surrendered to the intent that a New Lease of the said Mines Liberties privileges & premises may be forthwith obtained thereof 

Now these presents Witness that the said Sir Walter Blackett in pursuance of the said Agreement Hath <remised> released Surrendered yielded and given up and by these presents Doth remise & release surrender yield & give up unto the said Reverend Father the said Leadmines Lead and Lead Ores Liberties privileges and all and singular other the premises in and by the said recited Indenture of Lease demised & granted or mentioned or intended so to be with their & every of their appurtenances together with the said Recited Indenture of Lease and all the Estate right Title Interest <Term> of years yet to come and unexpired property claim and demand whatsoever both in Law <&> Equity of him the said Sir Walter Blackett of into or out of the said Mines and premises or every or any part or parcel thereof To the intent that a good and effectual New Lease may be obtained and granted of the said Mines and premises by the said Reverend Father to the said Sir Walter Blackett for and during the natural lives of him the said Sir Walter Blackett aged about 55 years, Elizth. Marshall of the parish of Saint George Hanover Square in the County of Middlesex Widow and Relict of Wm. Marshall Esq. Deceased aged about 74 Years and Thos. Hepple Son of Thos. Hepple of Kirkhill in the County of Northumberland Husbandman aged about 30 Years and the life of the longest liver of them In Witness whereof the said Sir Walter Blackett hath hereunto set his hand and Seal this Third day of May in the year of our Lord 1763.

Sealed etc. 

[on cover:]

3 May 1763/ Sr Wr Blackett Bt to The Ld Bp of Durham/

Draft of a Le[ase] for Years of Leadmiens in Stanhope & Wolsingham Parks & Inclosure

[in a different hand:]

Draft Surrender of a Lease for 21 years of leadmines in the County of Durham in order to take a new Lease thereof for 3 lives

Sr Wr Blackett Bt /to/ The Right Revd the Ld Bp of Durham

NB. Please to date this Surrender a day or two before the date of the New Lease
Although this appears to be the lease from Sir Walter Blackett the cover notes indicate that it is a draft, presumably sent from the Bishop’s agent Halhead to Richmond, acting for Blackett

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467