Report – William Crawhall to Martin Morrison – 31 Dec 1813

Document Type: Report
Date: 31 Dec 1813
Correspondent: William Crawhall
Recipient: Martin Morrison
Archive Source: NRO 672/E/1F/1
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December Quarter 1813  	Allenheads

Allenheads Mines are in general poor and from their present appearance I am apprehensive the Ore to be raised in the ensuing Quar[ter] may fall short of the usual quantity. Diana Vein in the West Forehead is tolerably productive 8 Men raising Ore at 40s per Bing & an[othe]r Partn[ersh]ip sinking to the forehead in G[reat] Lime[stone] w[hi]ch will be holed in 3 or 4 Weeks time when I expect it will work at 30s per Bing, the back workings in this Vein are very poor, several of the Men have left their situations in it; of those rem[ainin]g 1 P[ar]tnersh[ip] of 6 Men raising Ore at 40s per Bing & 3£ per fa[thom] for driving 4 fathoms. 2 P[art]ner[shi]ps of 8 Men ea[ch] at 40s per B[in]g & 5£ per fa[thom]. One P[art]nersh[ip] of 6 Men at 42s per Bing & 2 do. of 4 Men ea[ch] at 40s per B[in]g. the reason of the above prices per fa[thom] being given is to open a communication for Air.

The Workings in the Old Flatts at West End are very poor, the Ore that is raised is got mostly by opening out old Workings & ridding Deads, there are three P[ar]tners[hi]ps of 6 Men & two of 2 Men in raising Ore at 42s per Bing. Wentworth Vein at East End is much the same as last Quartr, the foremost length wrought by 8 Men at 24s per B[in]g & another p[ar]tn[ersh]ip of 8 Men sinking to the foreh[ea]d of do. which I expect will be holed in a fortnights time[,] the Vein will then work eastward at 28s or 30s per Bing. the back workings of do. are nearly wrought out, two p[ar]tners[hi]ps of 8 Men ea[ch] have left their workings, of those remaining, 8 Men at 28s & 8 Men at 38s per B[in]g, 5 P[ar]tner[shi]ps of 4 Men ea[ch] at 40s, two do. of 2 Men ea[ch] at 42s per B[in]g. The Workings in the Old Vein are very poor & employ 6 P[art]ner[shi]ps all at the high of 42s per Bing. The Swinhope Level is driving with all expedition by 8 Men who relieve each other, work day & night at 80s per fa[tho]m. a shaft is sinking before them by 6 Men at 50s per fa[thom] to air the Level which will be down by the time the Level is driven to hole into it. We still have near 40 Men out of employ & few places workable at the present prices unoccupied without commencing fresh trials etc.

Wm. Crawhall

The East forehead & Sump in Wentworth Vein was holed 17 Jan 1814 & a Bargain let, to drive the forehead Eastward 6 feet high and 4 ½ feet wide, 15 fathoms, or till Lady Day, at 25s per Bing for the Ore they raise in driving.
Quarterly mining report, concerning the Allenheads lead mines, written by the Mine Agent at Allenheads. There is no date given, but the quarterly report was usually written soon after the Christmas Quarter Day.  A postscript notes that the predicted holing-through in Wentworth Vein that Crawhall noted in the text, had in fact happened soon after the main report was written. Mining reports p 119

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467