Report – William Crawhall to Martin Morrison – 30 Dec 1817

Document Type: Report
Date: 30 Dec 1817
Correspondent: William Crawhall
Recipient: Martin Morrison
Archive Source: NRO 672 E 1F 1
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Xmas Bargains 1817

                               Allenheads Mines - Dec. 30/1817

      I have now got through the Lead Mines Bargains at this place for March quarter 1818 and have great pleasure of informing you, from this present appearance, they are likely to produce more Ore this Year than they have done in one year for some time past, and have all the workmen in employment.   We are not able to work Wentworth Vein discovered on east side of Cross vein mentioned in last report to advantage, on account of Water, but expect to unwater the working in the course of this quarter by a Low Level driving in the Great Limestone by 6 Men at 126/pfathom which after holed to the foremost Sump will enable us to extend the workings in this Vein further east and make a better communication of Air.  I have six men sinking in this vein at 140/ pfathom and 20/pBing for what Ore they raise.  The Cross Vein is now wrought by 6 Men at 28/pBing 4 Men at 24/ and expect in a month to have 6 Men more, working Ore in this Vein who are now sinking to the South foreh. at 140/pfathom.

      Wentworth Vein is wrought by 20 Men at 28/pBing; 30Men at 30/ pBing, 6 Men cutting cross at 120/pfathom and 28/pBing, 33 Men are Boring, Sinking and driving plate drifts in this Vein.

      The workings in Old Vein and at Flat Shaft are wrought by 6 Men at 28/ pBing, 22Men at 30/, and 6 Men at 160/ pTon when smelted into Lead.  The Shafts mentioned in last Report are now finished and 6 of the Men have the above Bargains at 160/ pTon, the other 6 Men to cut cross to South Diana Vein (110 from West from whence the forehead was left) to prove this Vein in new ground.

      Diana Vein in the east end is now the richest Mine at Allenheads, the east forehead is driving by 6 Men at 21/pBing and the West length adjoining wrought by 6 Men at 18/, 6 Men at 28/ and the old workings in the Vein wrought by 20 Men at 30/ pBing.

Swinhope Mines are very poor wrought by 20 Men at 30/ pBing, the west forehead is rather better than last quarter, have sunk three Sumps in North Vein, and am sorry to inform you can find no Ore of consequence,

      The Low Level is much the same as last quarter, it is now driving at 168/pfam and 28/pBing for what Ore they raise in driving but the Vein continues very poor.

      Wm. Crawhall

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467