Report – William Crawhall to Martin Morrison – 1 Jan 1817

Document Type: Report
Date: 1 Jan 1817
Correspondent: William Crawhall
Recipient: Martin Morrison
Archive Source: NRO 672 E 1F 1
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      Allenheads Leadmines are much the same as last quarter, except (for) 2 or 3 of the best Workings, which are fast working out & get considerably poorer. – 

      The Cross Vein at the East End is wrought by 4 Men @ 2<9>/pBg. I think the prospect better in this Vein than last quart. If the Vein was unwatered and a better communication for Air which I expect to be able to accomplish in the course of a few months, which will enable me to employ more Workmen & expose the whole thickness of the great Limestone. 

      Wentworth Vein is wrought by 8 Men @ 20/ oBg & 50 Men @ 30/. I have 20 Men working Dead Work, Driving plate Levels, & sinking in the Vein to unwater the Cross Vein, & 18 Men driving the Horse Level in Fawside & the top Level to try the upper Sills in the aforementioned Cross Vein, which I expect to be within 40 fathoms of. - The Workings in Flat Shaft & in the Old Vein are likely to produce Ore this quarter more than they have raised last, let to 37  Men @ 30/. & 10 @ 28/ pBing.

      Diana Vein is let for the ensuing quar. to 10Men @ 30/. 2 @ 29/. & 6 @ 28/ pBg. this Vein upon the whole is considerably poorer - I have 6 Men cutting Cross in the Limestone to Diana Vein 40 fathoms further East than this Vein has ever been wrought or proved.

      Swinhope Mines are let for the ensuing quarter to 16 Men @30/. & 6 Men @ 21/. PBg. - This Mine is considerably poorer than last quar.  I am apprehensive in the Ore Bargains that are let, the Men will not be able to make more than 8/. or 9/.  I think the West forehead continues without Ore, I have loosed a large feeder of Water in the forehead which I expect comes from a strong Cross Vein that we have cut in the plate Level driving Westward 6 fathoms before the Limestone forehead, which I flatter myself when cut in the Limestone will be productive of Ore.

      The Low Level is driving by 8 Men @ 190/. pfa in the great Limestone, and I am not able to try the Vein further yet on account of the Water loosed last quart. 

      I am  &c  Wm, Crawhall
Date not given but sequence in letter book indicates it relates to the last quarter of 1816

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467