Questions to Witnesses – Humphrey Wharton – 8 Oct 1686

Document Type: Questions to Witnesses
Date: 8 Oct 1686
Correspondent: Humphrey Wharton
Archive Source: TNA E134 2Jas2 Mich 42
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Humphrey Wharton Esqr Dft att the suit of [obscured, presumably some variant of Lord Bishop of Durham] Compl[ainan]t. Counter Interrogatories to be administered to Such Witnesses as Shall be produced sworn and Examined on the part and behalf of the Compl[ainan]t

In primis What quantity or Quantitys of Lead Oare have you knowne digged and gotten out of any and which of the Def[endan]ts Lead Mynes in the Two p[ar]ishes of Stanhopp and Wolsingham from the Twelfth of  February One Thousand Six hundred seventy Six to the Twentyth of Jannury one thousand six hundred eighty four- or any other time did you see the sd Oare at the Sd Mynes and wch Myne or Mynes by name before the Same was removed and carried away from the said Mynes? Did you take any and what accompt att the time of removeing and carrying away the sd Oare from the said Mynes or any and wch of them? What p[ar]ticular number of horse loades or bing loades and what time or times and from what Myne or Mynes did you soe take Accompt of, And att what distance are the Def[endan]ts Mynes from the Def[endan]ts Leade Mylle of Scotch Ele Stanhop hope and Darwin Is itt possible for any p[er]son att or neare or within some Myles of the Sd Mylle to see any of the Def[endan]ts Myns and to know what is done there

2d Were you A Myner workeman  or [partner] att any and so wch of the Def[endan]ts Mynes  by name What Quantity Of Oare did you get and weigh and send to any and wch Def[endan]ts Mylls and by what p[er]son by name from the sd Twelfth of February one Thousand  Six hundred Seventy six to twentyth of January one Thousand six hundred Eighty Four Did you pay or Accompt with Deft or any other pson for Lott and Tyth for the Same and when was Such Rekoninge  and Accompte made.


3d Did you take Accompt & where of all the loaden horses that came to any and wch of the Def[endan]ts Lead Mylls by name from the Twelfth of February one thousand six hundred seventy six to the Twentyth of January one Thousand Six hundred Eighty Foure or att any other time Were the said horses or carriage you [soe tooke] Accompt of loaden with Lead Oare onely and did you < … the> same [loaden] att the sd Myll and which by name And out of what Myne or Mynes were the Same digged and gotten were you att the said Mylle att the time when the Same was unloaden or how neare the Sd Mylls and which by name when you tooke Accompt  of any and what Quantity of oare to be soe delivered Was Such Oare as you soe s[ai]d delivered digged and gotten out of the Mynes in the sd two parishes Granted by the Late Lord Bishopp to the Deft Did you yr selfe take such Accompt or imploye any othere and who by name and for what time to take Accompt of the Oare or Loaden horses that came to any and wch of the Def[endan]ts sd  Lead Mylls? Are sev[er]al quantities of Lead oar from other Mines than those in question brought to & smelted at ye Def[endan]ts Smelt Mills?

4: Were you concerned att any time and when and for what time from the Twelfth of February one thousand six hundred seventy six to the Twentyth of January one Thousand Six hundred Eighty Foure in carrying of Lead Oare from any and wch by name of the Def[endan]ts sd mines in Stanhopp p[ar]ish What Quantity or Quantitys of Oare or Number of horse loades or bing loades have You soe carried and from wch. Of the Def[endan]ts Mynes by name and delivered att the Defte Mylls And wch. by name in the sd time Was the oare and mettle you soe carryed from the Def[endan]ts Mynes & Mills and well washed  and nothing but oare or was the Same generally and frequently  mixed with Sparr Stone and other mettalls besides oare? Was the horse loades you soe carried always good weight  or what weight was everye horse loade you soe carried (the Sparr Stone and othere Mettalls taken away) as you verily believe & have not you beene complained of <and had> abatements made for you carrying & of ill dressed ore & short weight

5th What other mattere or things doe you know wch <you  …> of way carrier or maybe advantagious to the Deft declare yor knowledge


Depositions of witnesses sworn & examined upon Counter interrogatories to them exhibited & administered on the part & behalfe of Humphrey Wharton Esq Defte at the suit of the Rt Reverend father in God Nathaniel Lord Bpp[Bishop] of Durham Compl[ainan]t taken at the house of Christopher Jackson situate In Barnard castle in the County of Durham the Eighth day of October in the yeare of our Lord  one thousand six hundred & eighty & six <.o.. ..> dui un Jacobi S[e]c[un]di nunc Angs &c by John Crosby Richard Hilton & Ralph Gowland gentlemen by vertue of a Com[issio]n issued out of his his ma[jes]ties Court of Exchequer At Westminster to <them> and Ralph Tunstall Gentleman or any three or two of them on their behalfe directed
Cross interrogatories drawn up on behalf of Wharton, the defendant, to be used in questioning Crewe’s witnesses. See 8 Oct 1686 'Questions to witnesses' Nathaniel Crewe, and notes given there for background to the case.

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467