Letter – Nicholas Walton to William Corbett – 12 Sep 1736

Document Type: Letter
Date: 12 Sep 1736
Correspondent: Nicholas Walton
Recipient: William Corbett
Archive Source: TNA ADM 66 105
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To William Corbett Esqr

      Ravensworth Castle  Septr 12th 1736


	We should have Sent you last Post Such Covenants, as it will be proper to incert in the Leases, to be granted, of the DerwtWater Estate, but not having time then, you have it as followeth.

	That all the Mines and Minerals be reserved, with Wayleave To & from the Same, The Tennt being allowed reasonable Damages for Spoyle of Grounds etc.

	The Rents to be made payable at Marts & May day by equal Portions.

	The Housing to be putt into Tennantable repaire by the Directors of the Hospital, but to be kept in that Repaire by the Tennt during the Terme.

	The Hedges to be kept in Tennantable repaire by the Tennt during the Terme & at the end or other Determination thereof to leave the Same in Sufficient Tennantable repaire

	To Scour Fence & Dress every year before Christmas a Rood of Hedge for every Pound Rent; or permit the Directors Servants or Workman to Scoure the Same, & that the Tennant shall be obliged to pay the per Rood for every Rood of Hedge not Scoured, Fenced & dressed with their next Rent.

	To Covenant to Fallow a quarter part of Arable Land annually & to lay on every Acre so fallowed, four Sufficient Fothers of Clodd Lime, each Fother to Contain 39 Winchester Bushells, or two Such Fothers of Lime & 20 Fothers of Manure, or fallen Lime in proportion thereto.

	To Cutt no Thornes or Hedge boot in the Hedges, without Scourg the Hedges at the Same time & that there Shall be none Cutt but where the Hedges require it & at Seasonable times & that Such Hedge boot Shall be applyed, to make the Fences upon the premises.

	To Scale or dress the Meadow & Pasture Ground as often as needful, every Year & after Candlemas before the expiration or Sooner determination of the Terme, to permit the Directors Servants or Workmen to dress the Same as also to plow the Ground that is or ought to be left for Fallow.

	Not to Sell or Carry off the Ground any Hay or Straw that grew thereon, nor dispose of it to any person whatsoever, without buying 3 Fothers of Manure for every Fother of Hay & two Fothers of Manure for every Fother of Straw, so Sold or Carryed off; which Manure shall be laid on & Spread upon the Meadow Ground of the Premisses the next Winter Season.

	Not to Tear out any Ground nor Cutt down, Lop or Hoze any Trees, without Licence had in Writing, under the hands of the Receivers for the time being, under the penalty of £5 per Ann for every Acre so tore out, & £10 for every Tree Cutt down, lop’d or Hozed.

	Also to Tree or Hain his or her pasture Ground at Ladyday before the expiration of the Terme & not to Stock the Ground, nor any part thereof during the last half year of the Terme with a Greater Number of Gates or Stents, than was usually kept on the Same the 3 preceeding Years.

	To lay all Manure on the premises that Shall be bread on the Same, except what Shall be bread in the last half year of the Terme wch last Manure Shall be left in the Fold for the use of the incoming Tennant.

	To pay all Taxes except Royall aid Sess, to grind at the Lords Miln & to doe Suit & Service.

	Besides which there must be a Covenant from the Directors about the Waygoing Crop but those will differ in most places, for some Farmes are two much in Corn & others not enough.  The generality of Tennants will expect to have leave to Reap three quarters & to leave one quarter in Fallow.

	There must also be a Covent for a peaceable enjoymt on paying the Rents reserved & performing the Covenants.

	Inclosed is an Accot of the Lead Mines with the Dues we expect they will be lett at;  Those we make at a Sixth, are most of them very unhopefull, but some may probably let at 1/5th, but we think rather than they Should be unoccupyed, that a Sixth Should be taken for the first year on Tack Note, as it will be an encouragemt to Adventrs.

	You have also Inclosed Such proposals as we have reced Since those Sent you of the 5th Instt to which we begg leave to referr you and are  Sr Yours etc

      Nichos Walton		Hugh Boag

An Accot of Lead Mines in Alston Moore, & what due is reasonable to expect for the Same Vizt

[Original given as a tabular list, all shown at 1/5 duty and marked:] All these Lead Veins are Supposed to Lett on Lease for 21 Years, at one fifthDuty to the Hospital


Lough Vein


Redgroves at Nenthd

Long Cleugh

Carrs & Cowsletts





Gallygill Sykes




Taylor Syke



Hill Close

Cash burne


Wellgill Inclosures

[1/6 duty]  All These Lead Veins are Supposed to Lett on Tack Notes for one Year at one Sixth Duty to the Hospital but on Demand of a Lease one being Granted the Lessee to Pay one fifth.

Cock Lake

Nents berrygreen

Nents berry hagg

Brownley hill

Goodamgill moss

Fair hill

Middle Cleugh

Nenthead field 


Dowpott Syke

Windy brow



Slate Mea

Gillhouse burn

Birchy Bank

High Birchy bank

Green Castle

Howburn Moss

Crophill head

Green Craig

Gale Castle

Middle Syke

Learr Ends

Lee house


Coatcloath hill

Hudgill burn

Skill Side force

[These last three run over the page from the previous ones marked at 1/6 duty but with the slightly different note attached to that shown against the other 1/6 duty veins on the prior page] All these Lead Veins are Supposed to Lett on Tack Note for one Year at 1/6 Duty to the Hospital but on granting a Lease to pay 1/5 as before

Cragg Lean

Tollard foot

Clargill Cleugh

						Newcastle three Kings the 10 Sepr 1736

The Proceeding Accot of the Lead Mines in the Mannor of Alston and Garrigil is according to to the best of our Knowledge & Witness out hands

      Nichos Walton         Hugh Boag 	Receivers	Jno Stephenson.  Moore Master

Dilston Park           1/5

Langley Barrony    1/6

James Burn             1/7

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467