Letter – Nicholas Walton to Peter Mulcaster – 18 Aug 1769

Document Type: Letter
Date: 18 Aug 1769
Correspondent: Nicholas Walton
Recipient: Peter Mulcaster
Archive Source: TNA ADM 66/96
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Accts. of Assays


Time when

Assays made


1769.                                             Oz Dwt. Gr.

26 July. Lead from which Silver was taken PFodder. 8  12  17 4/10

         Windy Brow.                               3  13  12

         Crossgillhead.                            8   6  14 4/10

7August  Do                                        9  19  16 8/10

         Peatstackhill.                            2  18  19 2/10

         Fletcherass.                             17      13 2/10


 Mr. Mulcaster. 						Farnacres. 18th August 1769

      Above you have Assays of the Sev Sorts of Lead abovementioned the Produce of which PFodder I have calculated very exactly. - Youll observe (Peatstackhill and Windy Brow are not Refineable ; but you say Peatstackhill was not a fair Assay. I hope by this time you have got compleatly to work upon the Unrefineable Ore & shall be glad to hear the Alteration of the Chimneys answers the End.

      I spoke to Mr Laybourne about employing the Refiners and Reducers and hope he will find out something for them to do while you are busy with the Unrefineable Ore.

      There is no doubt I think now of the Stone Furnaces answering ; but it will certainly be proper when we have occasion to Rebuild them, to consider of Cramping them in such a way as to prevent their giving way as much as possible. This we shall judge best of on the Spot.

      I expect Mr Smeaton and I shall be at the Mill, in about Ten days, in our Way to Alston, we shall its most likely dine at your House. I sent you £30 by Wm. Laybourne when you want more we shall be ready to supply you. I am

      Your Hble Servt


PS. You may order the Iron by the <Heys > or in any other way you think more proper. They must certainly be good Judges.

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The Dukesfield Smelters and Carriers Project aimed to celebrate and discover the heritage of the Dukesfield Arches & lead carriers' routes between Blaydon and the lead mines of Allendale and Weardale. A two year community project, it was led by the Friends of the North Pennines in partnership with Hexhamshire and Slaley Parish Councils and the active support of Allendale Estates. It was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and the generous support of other sponsors. Friends of the North Pennines: Charity No:1137467